FANDOM


Macedonian
Македонски јазик
Makedonski jazik
Pronunciation [maˈkɛdɔnski jazik]
Native to Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, Macedonian diaspora
Region Balkans
Ethnicity Macedonians
Native speakers (2–2.5 million cited 1986–1998)
Language family
Indo-European
  • Balto-Slavic
    • Slavic
      • South Slavic
        • Eastern South Slavic
          • Macedonian
Writing system Cyrillic
Official status
Official language in Macedonia
Recognised minority language in Albania
Romania
Serbia
Language codes
ISO 639-1 mk
ISO 639-2 mac (B)
mkd (T)
ISO 639-3 mkd


Macedonian is a South Slavic language, spoken as a first language by some two million people, principally in the Republic of Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia. It is the official language of the Republic of Macedonia and an official minority language in parts of Albania, Romania and Serbia.

Standard Macedonian was implemented as the official language of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia in 1945 and has since developed a thriving literary tradition. Most of the codification was formalized during the same period.

Macedonian dialects form a continuum with Bulgarian dialects; they in turn form a broader continuum with Serbo-Croatian through the transitional Torlakian dialects.

The name of the Macedonian language is a matter of political controversy in Greece as is its distinctiveness compared to Bulgarian in Bulgaria.